Common Types of Tests that are Run in a Diagnostic Pathology Lab

Common Types of Tests that are Run in a Diagnostic Pathology Lab

As a dermatology pathology lab service in Dallas, TX, we understand how to safely and efficiently perform many types of tests when patient samples are sent our way.  Because of this, we can provide many of our medical partners and their patients with timely diagnostic information so they can receive the treatment they need.  These are some of the most common types of tests that are run in a diagnostic medical lab facility.

Complete Blood Count Tests

This test, often known as a CBC, is the most conducted blood test at a pathology lab.  It counts the different types and amounts of cells in the blood, such as red and white blood cells and platelets.  It is used to assess general health, screen for diseases, and assess nutritional status. CBCs can assist in evaluating symptoms like fatigue, weakness, and bruises and the diagnosis of illnesses such as anemia, leukemia, malaria, and infection.

Prothrombin Time

This test determines how long it takes blood to clot. This clotting test detects and monitors the presence and activity of five different blood clotting factors. The test can detect bleeding abnormalities and may also be used to evaluate drug therapies that prevent blood clot formation.

Basic Metabolic Panel Tests

This test evaluates glucose, sodium, potassium, calcium, chloride, carbon dioxide, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine, which can assist in determining blood sugar levels, kidney functions, and electrolyte and fluid balance. The Basic Metabolic Panel can help your doctor observe the effects of drugs that you are taking, such as high blood pressure medications, which can aid in the diagnosis of specific illnesses or can be used as part of a standard health screening. Before this test, you will need to fast for 12 hours.

Urinalysis Tests

This is a comprehensive screening test used to look for early indicators of disease and is frequently the first lab test conducted. Doctors could potentially use it to track diabetes or kidney problems and other outcomes such as pregnancies. Through the rapid urine test, the doctor can diagnose any urinary tract infections.

Lipid Panel Tests

The lipid panel is a collection of tests that are used to assess the risk of heart disease. It considers your cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Liver Panel Exams

The liver panel is a collection of tests used to evaluate liver function and rule out the presence of liver malignancies. The test assesses the number of enzymes, proteins, and chemicals generated or expelled by the liver. If your tests reveal that you have liver damage, this could indicate that you have one of many diseases or infections that affect the liver.

These are just a few of the most common types of tests performed by medical labs.  If you want to hear about the specific testing capabilities we offer at our dermatology pathology lab service in Dallas, TX, contact Kai Medical Laboratory today.

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