Different Types of Medical Laboratories

Different Types of Medical Laboratories

There are various medical testing laboratory types that each serve their own unique purpose. In addition, most laboratories can perform multiple types of tests, including drug screenings and blood work. For example, our dermatology pathology lab service in Dallas, TX, offers the following types of medical testing laboratories.

Research labs

As implied by its name, a research laboratory is designed to allow scientists to complete medical experiments. In addition, research labs play an integral role in developing new medications and ensuring their safe use. In many cases, animal testing determines if a new drug is safe. So, facilities like this typically have areas for keeping animals as well. In general, there is no public access to research laboratories. Patient samples are sent to research labs in very rare circumstances. Therefore, the use of a research lab depends on management operations. There are public and private research labs, and each has different goals.

Private facilities

Pharmaceutical companies usually run private research labs.This type of lab's primary goal is to develop new products for the pharmaceutical company. However, as the race for more effective covid-19 vaccines continues, these laboratories become especially important. Pharmaceutical companies make heavy investments in their research facilities. Private labs often employ Laboratory Information Management Systems for tracking internal operations and processing data.

Public facilities

Public research laboratories can vary between small college labs and enormous complexes. In addition, public labs are essential in assisting with the work of government agencies. For example, many public laboratories measure air and water quality. Public universities typically how smaller research facilities. These are often used for educating young scholars and helping them become accustomed to the work. They will be doing in medical testing laboratories once they graduate.

Clinical research sites

These are privately owned facilities that are used for conducting clinical trials. You will not find chemical reactions or expensive equipment at these labs; instead, they contain comfortable areas for professionals in the medical field to evaluate the patients participating in clinical trials. Sites like this are operated by a contract research organization (CRO), supporting public and private entities. CROs help with recruiting participants and providing staff for clinical trials.

Pathological laboratories

These laboratories are essential for helping physicians diagnose patients' diseases. But, unfortunately, these are the type of laboratories that most people are most familiar with. Pathology laboratories are commonly used for drug testing. Most of these laboratories have locations within patient care facilities. Many are located in hospitals because they need testing information quickly, so it's sensible to keep a lab on-site. These labs handle two branches of pathology, clinical and anatomic pathology. While some labs test both pathology types in one place, it is common to find labs that only specialize in one pathology branch.

Anatomic pathology

This form of pathology tests for diseases by using high-powered microscopes to look directly at tissue samples. When a doctor orders a biopsy, the small tissue sample is taken and sent to an anatomic pathologist to study closely and determine what is going on with the tissue sample. This type of testing leads to official cancer diagnoses. Cytopathology is when a pathologist views a very fine sample of cells and helps diagnose skin conditions. Samples like this can be taken in a doctor's office because they are easy to obtain. Anatomic pathology also assists in identifying causes of death and helping with autopsies when the cause of death is difficult to be determined.

Clinical pathology

Clinical pathology uses body fluids to determine a disease diagnosis. A clinical pathology facility uses chemical agents and special equipment for best results. They offer three types of clinical tests, including

  • Blood testing.
  • Drug testing.
  • Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.

These are just some of the different medical lab types available in our country. Call us today for more information on our dermatology pathology lab service in Dallas, TX.

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